Summary: On 15 May 2023, mainstream Dutch television network, RTL Nieuws, revealed that innocent people have been labeled terrorists and put on terrorist lists. They are followed everywhere, their friends are contacted, and informants are deployed. On 1 June 2023, this was acknowledged by Minister Yeşilgöz-Zegerius (Justice) who says that the victims must above all take action themselves to resolve this.
On 15 May 2023, mainstream Dutch television network, RTL Nieuws, revealed that innocent people have been labeled terrorists and put on terrorist lists, also put on international lists, by a Dutch police unit TOOI. They got this information by a FOIA request.
In the Netherlands there are three units, part of the Dutch police and Dutch secret service AIVD, that can run informants, in fact they can more or less do what they want. What happens is that they label a person, and then this information is shared with other police units and international police organizations.
From this article: "They infiltrate groups, follow people secretly, pay informants and watch what people do online. This can happen to anyone, including people who haven't done anything criminal. But no one monitors what the teams do. And that gives the TOOI a lot of room to decide for themselves when they will follow someone. And they take that leeway. From internal documents and police files that we have gotten our hands on, it appears that the police know about this. And that it's been happening for at least a decade. ... Mayors should oversee TOOI, but that's barely happening now."
The following terrorist codes were published in the article of 15 May 2023:
This article links to another article about a person that was put on this list, there is a video, unfortunately in Dutch only:
From the video: "I have no criminal record, I also always listen to the police. And yet I'm on the list. ... This can happen to anyone, including people who haven't done anything criminal. But no one monitors what the teams do. Nor is there any law at all for it. And that gives the TOOI a lot of room to decide for themselves when they are going to follow someone. And they take that leeway. Soccer supporters, animal activists, anti-corona activists, Muslim activists, are being watched by the TOOI without having done anything criminal. ... I was constantly stopped, pulled over. Even the people I am with are questioned. ... Sometimes that information even goes abroad. ... Said received a letter from the government, saying in English that he is not suspected of anything. Does that one work? No, not at all. ... People just don't want to deal with you anymore. They think, there's so much negativity around that person so he must have done something. I've been suicidal for a long time because I just didn't see a way out of it."
On 16 May 2023, in the parliament questions were raised to the Minister of Justice:
On 1 June 2023 was a sort of follow-up on mainstream news website Algemeen Dagblad:
From this article: "Hundreds of Dutch people are possibly unjustly on a 'secret terror list,' simply because the police would sometimes have forgotten to take them off it. This has a great impact on their lives. Minister Yeşilgöz-Zegerius (Justice) acknowledges that there are Dutch citizens who have been unjustly flagged, but says that the victims must above all take action themselves to resolve this."
Very important here is that the minister of Justice confirms that this happens. What is insane is that she says to go solve it yourself.
There were two lawsuits in 2006 in the Netherlands about Personalized Disruption (Persoonsgericht Verstoren). Here the police used methods what they call: 'Letting a person know that he is under surveillance'. The judge said these methods were not allowed because of human rights, including the ECHR (European Convention on Human Rights). Of course the government was not happy and appealed. In the end one case was allowed because it was considered 'proportional'. But a lot (most) lawmakers disagreed with this.
All EU countries have the same types of law. But the methods used by police (units) and secret services are not described in detail in laws. They mainly use the words:
There are government organizations checking what these units do and if it is within the law. One organization is: Intelligence and Security Services Regulatory Commission (CTIVD). They publish a report annually with big parts redacted.
I found one government document (dated 2012) which includes a list of methods that they use:
Under the section 'Disrupt':
Document: Toolbox Personalized Approach High Impact Crimes, includes Sample intervention matrix (Excel)
Toolbox Persoonsgerichte Aanpak High Impact Crimes, bevat Voorbeeld interventiematrix (Excel)
Openbaar Ministerie en politie, December 2012
If you want to look for police units in your country doing this, I suggest you start with the units that can run informants and infiltrants. In the Netherlands, there are three units working for police and secret service AIVD.
These units are:
Almost nothing is recorded what they do, because they 'must protect the privacy of their informants'.
A few years ago two investigative journalists researched also these methods and concluded the same: Innocent civilians are put on lists and never get off the list.
Document: Friction on the secret workplace
Frictie op de geheime werkvloer
There is much more information like:
Peter Mooring. 4 June 2023
STOPEG Foundation (STOP Electronic weapens and Gangstalking)